Five trains operate on the Pune Junction-Talegaon route, and 18 trains operate on the Pune Junction-Lonavla route. The eastern part of the district has been historically drought-prone, but irrigation provided by dams, canals and wells have made agriculture less dependent on rainfall. The dancers primarily came from the Mang and Mahar castes. Ambemohar, a mango-scented rice grown in Bhor taluka and areas near the Western Ghats, is popular throughout Maharashtra. Total geographical area is 15643.00 Ha. On the leeward side of the Western Ghats, it extends to the Deccan Plateau on the east. Pune is the second-largest city in Maharashtra, India and the ninth largest city in the country. Although Pune city has population of 3,124,458; its urban / metropolitan population is 5,057,709 of which 2,656,240 are males and 2,401,469 are females. On the southern fringe of the city, he built a palace on the Parvati Hill, developed a garden known as Heera Baug, and dug a lake near the hill with a Ganesha temple on an island in its centre which is called Sarasbaug. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Pune, which typically includes Pune's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas. Major stations on this route are at Loni Kalbhor and Urali Kanchan. There are 21,51,503 houses in the district. As per the Census India 2011, Purandhar Taluka has 51259 households, population of 235659 of which 119906 are males and 115753 are females. Poona a socio-economic survey part I. In 1781, after a city census, a household tax (gharpatti) was levied on the more affluent: one-fifth to one-sixth of the property value. Pune district had a population of 9,429,408 in the 2011 census, roughly equal to the nation of Benin. Total number of households in Pune District are 2151503. List of dams and reservoirs in Maharashtra, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. D.Y.  Eight passenger trains run between Pune Junction and Daund as suburban trains, making the Pune-Daund section a third suburban route. Pune. It also has a large automotive industry and it's the headquarters for the Automotive Research Association of India. He was succeeded on the Marathi throne by his eldest son, Sambhaji, in 1680.  Kondadeo died in 1647, and Shivaji became his father's deputy.  The Bhimthadi (or Deccani) horse was developed in the region under Maratha rule by crossing Arabian and Turkic breeds with local ponies.. Total area of Pune is 15,643 km² including 14,826.80 km² rural area and 816.20 km² urban area. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute 43 (1984): 17-36. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar,_Shivaji_and_His_Times1920 (. , Nanasaheb built a lake in Katraj, on the city's outskirts, and a still-operational underground aqueduct to bring water from the lake to Shaniwar Wada. Gorman, M., 1971. It is 2 nd Largest District in the State by population.  Although the kotwal's salary was as high as 9,000 rupees per month, it included officer salaries (mainly from the Ramoshi caste). Vol. In 1928, a relay station was built in Khadki to relay telegraph signals for the Imperial Wireless Chain. Major dams are on the Kukadi, Pushpavati, Ghod, Bhima, Pavna, Bhama, Mula, Mutha (the Temghar and Khadakwasla Dams) and Mose.. The district court is also a Sessions Court for criminal matters. Pune, formerly known as Poona , is the second largest city in the Indian State of Maharashtra, after Mumbai, and the eighth most populous city in India, with an estimated population of 7.4 million as of 2020. Technology and Culture, 12(4), pp. Elphinstone and other British officers enjoyed Saswad and the fertile valley around it.  The city received an underground sewage system in 1782 which discharged into the river. Nanasaheb also developed new commercial, trading, and residential localities: Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth. Inscriptions at Karla and Junnar suggest that in the early part of the Common Era, the area was controlled by the Shaka ruler Nahapana. The system has two routes: from Pune Junction to Lonavala and to Talegaon. Each of these temples have its own individual legend and history. In 1950, the population of Pune was 580,848. Boundries Ahmadnagar district on north-east,Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the northe-west.  Pune has a sex ratio of 910 females to every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.19 percent.. Pune District population constituted 8.39 percent of total Maharashtra population. Pune District is situated in Maharashtra state. Amongst the chieftains was Maloji, who was made a raja in 1595; the districts of Pune and Supa were given to him as a jagir (fief).  In 2008, General Motors, Volkswagen and Fiat built plants near Pune. It's not uncommon in the country for female pregnancies to be aborted once the parents learn of the gender. Maratha influence waned after the disastrous 1761 Battle of Panipat, and the Nizam of Hyderabad looted the city. Pune District is in the state of Maharashtra, India. June is the driest month, and the agricultural sector is considered vulnerable until 20 September.  Many ancient trade routes linking ports in western India (particularly those of coastal Konkan) with the Deccan Plateau pass through the district. History of the Marathas, Vol. The eighth largest metropolises in India, Pune is located in the state of Maharashtra.  Lavani used to be essential part of Holi celebrations in the region's Peshwa courts.. Urban population comprises 58.08% of the total population. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 78.17% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 10.00% Hindi, 1.89% Urdu, 1.40% Kannada, 1.34% Marwari, 1.30% Telugu and 1.15% Gujarati as their first language.. During the 1660s, the Mughals under Aurangzeb began paying attention to Shivaji. 247-250. Shivaji's grandson, Shahu I, appointed the Chitpavan Brahmin Balaji Vishwanath as his Peshwa in 1714. Two canals were dug on each riverbank to irrigate land east of the city and supply drinking water to the city and its cantonment. As per 2011 Census, the population of Pune Metropolitan Region was 50,57,709 (50.57 lakhs).  The Pune Municipal Corporation began a bus rapid transit system (India's first) in 2006, but it encountered a number of difficulties. The district has three government hospitals (Sassoon Hospital, Budhrani and Dr. Ambedkar Hospital) and a number of private hospitals, including MJM Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital, Jahangir Hospital, Sancheti Hospital, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, KEM Hospital, Ruby Hall Clinic and Dinanath Mangeshkar Hospital. The total population of Pune District is 9,429,408 out of which urban population is 5,751,182 while rural is 3,678,226. Winter runs from November to February. Temperatures usually hover around 7 to 12 °C (45 to 54 °F), sometimes dipping to 3 °C (37 °F). The district has three cantonments, in Pune, Khadki and Dehu Road. The area adjacent to the Western Ghats gets more rain than areas further east. The Bombay-Poona line was electrified in the 1920s; this cut travel time between the cities to three hours, enabling day trips for events such as the Poona races. PUNE: The Junnar forest division is set to start a census of leopards outside the protected areas in its limits to identify the scientific measures to mitigate the man-animal conflicts in the region. , Villages in the district saw rioting in 1875 by peasants protesting Marwari and Gujarati moneylenders. Get detailed info of Pune District with respective state, town, stations etc on RailYatri. Baramati Airport, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Baramati and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Pune and used for pilot training and charter flights, was being planned in 2011 as a private-jet hub by Reliance Infrastructure.. As per Census 2011, total families in Pune district were 1,371,531. Between 1997 and 2000, IT parks were developed in Aundh and Hinjawadi. In 2010–2011, the number of passengers was about 8,000 a day. The rest of the Peshwa era was rife with family intrigue and political machinations. National and state highways crossing the district include: Bus service by private companies was introduced in Pune shortly before the independence. The Poona electric-supply company, a Tata company, received power from the Khopoli (on the Mumbai side of the Ghats) and Bhivpuri plants near the Mulshi dam. The most common religion in Pune by far is Hinduism, although there are many Jewish synagogues, churches, Buddhist Viharas, Jain temples, and other religious centers in the city. Shahu appointed Baji Rao I Peshwa in 1720, succeeding his father. The caves are a complex of ancient Indian Buddhist rock-cut shrines which were developed from the second century BC to the fifth century AD; the oldest of the shrines is believed to date to 160 BC. In 1632, Shahaji forsook the Mughals and accepted the friendship of the Adilshahi rulers of Bijapur (the traditional rivals of Ahmadnagar Sultanate). [a] According to legend, he took an oath to that effect at the temple of Raireshwar near Bhor in the district. Chatterji, T. D., 1935. Summers, from early March to July, are dry and hot.  Growth in the villages of Pimpri, Chinchwad and Bhosari allowed them (and their surrounding areas) to incorporate as separate governing body knows as the Pimpri Chinchawad Muncipal Corporation, Pune. Since most arable land is still rain-fed, the southwest monsoon season (between June and September) is crucial to the district's food sufficiency and quality of life. As per the Census 2011 Pune District's total population is 9429408.  In the following decades, the line was extended east and south of the city. India.  Also the Pune district has 92.72 % of literacy rate. Marwari (a Hindi dialect with Marathi influences), Gujarati, Malayalam (47,912), Tamil (47,504), Sindhi (40,602), Vadari (a Telugu dialect; 35.282), Lamani (a Hindi dialect; 30,604), Punjabi (28,500), Bengali (22,628) and Konkani (19,594) are spoken by over 10,000 people.  Shahaji selected Pune as the residence of his wife Jijabai and son Shivaji, and Konddeo oversaw the construction of their Lal Mahal palace. The survey was conducted from June 19, 2019, to December 30, 2019, by the …  The fort at Chakan played an important role in the history of the Deccan sultanates. Pune has a population of 94,29,408 peoples. To rally the strongest possible local support against the Mughal invaders, and stabilise the territories ruled by Ahmednagar, local Maratha chieftains were given increased power. Future of Electrical Development in India. Shahaji refused to surrender Junnar (the seat of the Nizamshahi dynasty) before he finally capitulated. , During the late 1640s and 1650s, Shivaji controlled the Pune district and beyond.  Many villages in the west, east and south of the district, such as Lonavla, Uruli Kanchan and Daund, were connected by rail. Name Status District Population Census 1991-03-01 Population Census 2001-03-01 Population Census 2011-03-01 ; Alandi: Municipal Council: Pune: 10,249: 17,565: 28,645 MSG, p.437. The district was central to the founding of the Maratha Empire by Shivaji.  Shivaji recaptured many of these forts when the truce ended. , The period following his 1689 death was one of political ferment in the Deccan Plateau, and the Pune region experienced major fluctuations in administrative authority. Literacy Rate The overall literacy rate of Pune city is 92.72 % as on 2016 which is far better than rest part of country. The Commonwealth Youth Games were held the following year, which encouraged additional development in north-western Pune and added a fleet of buses running on compressed natural gas (CNG) to the city's streets. He spent most of his time in Gingee, fighting the Mughal siege. Pune District Population Maharashtra Pimpri Chincwad Population 2020 . Pune City Central is the District Headquarters. Pune district of Maharashtra has total population of 9,429,408 as per the Census 2011. "6 Object of worship as a free choice." A Tughlaq governor on the Deccan Plateau rebelled and created the Bahamani Sultanate, which later dissolved into the Deccan sultanates. Maloji was also given charge of the forts at Shivneri and Chakan, which played an important role in the district's early political history..  The district's population-growth rate between 2001 and 2011 was 30.34 percent. The Pune metropolitan area was defined in 1967 as the city, the three cantonment areas and the villages on its outskirts. 5 (Feb. 4, 1989), pp. , During the first and second Anglo-Maratha wars, it took four or five weeks to move materials from Mumbai to Pune. To minimize drought risk, a masonry dam was built on the Mutha River at Khadakwasla in 1878. The governor of the new territories, Mountstuart Elphinstone, appointed a commissioner and left the district's boundaries almost intact. The district has 1,866 villages and 21 Vidhan Sabha constituencies: Junnar, Ambegaon, Khed-Alandi, Maval, Mulshi, Haveli, Bopodi, Shivajinagar, Parvati (SC), Kasba Peth, Bhvani Peth, Pune Cantonment, Shirur, Daund, Indapur, Baramati, Purandhar and Bhor. Around 1645, the teenaged Shivaji first expressed his concept of Hindavi Swarajya (Indian self-rule) in a letter. View all Cities in Pune District View all Villages in Pune District. Urban population comprises 58.08% of the total population  There was a Christian Mission called the Poona and Indian Village Mission. District name: Pune Total population: 9429408 House Holds: 2151503. The company built a macadam road between the two cities in 1830 which permitted mail-cart service.. Its average rainfall is 600 to 700 millimetres (24 to 28 in), most of which falls during the monsoon months (July to October). The forts and surrounding mountains are popular for trekking.. Their patronage extended to 164 schools (pathshalas) in the city which taught Hindu holy texts (shastras) to Brahmin men. All rail lines through Pune are broad gauge double track, and are part of Indian Railways' Central Railway zone. Warude Local Language is Marathi. So far, Pune district's overall infection count went up to 3,33,726 with 859 new cases on Thursday. According to the latest census (2001), total population of the district is 7,232,555. The plates call the region "Puny Vishaya" and "Punaka Vishaya", respectively. Puneri Paltan, one of ten teams in the professional kabaddi league, has its home ground in Balewadi. Check out important data about Pune district as per Census 2011. Its nominal sovereignty changed with shifting allegiances of the Bhosale family. An area of about 18,000 hectares (69 sq mi) has been proposed as a sanctuary for migratory birds. The current population of Pune urban agglomerate is over 5 million.  His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed (a Mughal-allied sardar claiming descent from a Yadav royal family from Devagiri..  The metre-gauge Pune-Miraj line was completed in 1886, making the city a rail junction. Many Peshwas and their courtiers were patrons of lavani and Maharashtrian dance, and a number of composers (such as Ram Joshi, Anant Phandi, Prabhakar and Honaji Bala) flourished during this period. The 1993 National Games were held in Pune, and the new Sports City hosted the Commonwealth Youth Games in 2008. Ambikabai, one of his widows, committed sati at Rajaram's death. Most are the taluka headquarters or its main town: The growth of the Pune metropolitan area has led to the development of new towns near the city (such as Magarpatta, Amanora and Nanded City and development further from the city in the mountains, such as Lavasa.. The total population of Pune is 9426959 out of which Male population is 4936362 and Female Population is 4490597. Centre for Civil Society, CCS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP PAPERS 2004", "Economic Times: Despite private participation Education lacks quality in Maharashtra", "Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial belt: Placing Pune at the front", "Consumers pay premium price for the look alike of the regional rice varieties", "National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Limited", "Sugar cooperatives on death bed in Maharashtra", "Pune airport accorded international status", "Passenger traffic at Pune airport takes a big leap", "Reliance plans Baramati hub for pvt jets", "Time table of five new trains from city announced - Times of India", Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, 2009 FIVB Volleyball Men's U21 World Championship, 2009 FIBA Asia Under-16 Championship for Women, 2009 NECC–ITF Women's Tennis Championships, Pune District Football Association Stadium, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pune_district&oldid=996139826, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, College of Agriculture Pune (COAP) - Affiliated with, Shri Shau Mandir Mahavidyalaya[commerce, engineering, agriculture and arts], Daund-Baramati branch line (single-track), Pune-Miraj (single-track from Pune to Miraj, towards, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 19:45. 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'S administration Imperial Wireless Chain in 1890 Poona Municipality spent Rs fertile valley around it metro area population... Of Khandoba, the number of households in Pune district 's most important rail route, the! And finished third in the early 1960s 's grandson, Shahu I, appointed a and.